In the table of peoples in the OT (Gn 10:6), Pūt is considered one of the four sons of Ham. The ethnic Pūt is characterized as pertaining to Egypt's sphere of influence in the 10th cent. BC. Pūt is likewise mentioned in Jer 46:9, Ez 27:10; 30:5; 38:5 and Nah 3:9. In contrast to earlier suggestions identification with P. is no longer advocated; identification with Libya/Libyans is more likely.
The Putāayā (Old Persian; Elamite Putiyap; Akkadian Puṭa) of the Darius  I inscriptions at Naqš-e Rostam also denotes Libyans, not - as occasionally assumed - P. [1. 197].