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Quinquevirale iudicium
(177 words)

[German version]

'Five-man tribunal', collegium founded by Gratianus in AD 376 (Cod. Theod. 9,1,13) for reconciliation with the Senate in the period after Maximinus [3]; in order to avoid partisanship, its members were chosen by lot, and the prefects had to call upon it in capital matters (in all criminal cases?) against senators. It was reaffirmed by Honorius in 423 (Cod. Theod 2,1,12) and thus adopted in the lex Romana Visigothorum (Volksrecht). It was limited to the west. Of the trials handled by the quinquevirale iudicium, only those against Basilius and Praetextus for sorce…

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Ebner, Constanze (Innsbruck), “Quinquevirale iudicium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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