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Qumran Aramaic
(239 words)

[German version]

QA (= Hasmonaic) is the name given to the Aramaic in which the texts found in Qumran were written (1st cent. BC to 2nd cent. AD), which, however, are not quite uniform in their language. QA has the characteristics of a standardized literary language (which also reappears later in Aramaic Bible translations, such as Targum Onqelos, Targum Jonathan: note the pronouns and infinitives). Yet it also still had linguistic features based on Official Aramaic and also the Aramaic of the Bible. QA shows the earliest indication for the development of the subsequen…

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Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen), “Qumran Aramaic”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1017870>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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