Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,016 words)

[German version]

I. Concept

In modern usage, rape denotes violent, forcible sexual intercourse which is declined by the person forced. A corresponding ancient term does not exist. The Greek and Roman terminology for describing the offence of rape only partially indicates the violence associated with the act (e.g. βιάζεσθαι/biázesthai, Latin violare: to use violence; ἁρπαγή/harpagḗ, Latin rapina: robbery); it is not uncommon for the violent aspect to be obs…

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Hartmann, Elke (Berlin), “Rape”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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