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Raqqa
(187 words)

[German version]

(al-Raqqa/ar-Raqqa). Modern Syrian provincial capital at the confluence of the Balīḫ and the Euphrates. For its history up to the 4th cent., see Nicephorium. Since 638/9, the town has been Arab. After al-Rāfiqa was built west of R. by the caliph al-Manṣūr (772) there was expansion on a grand scale by Hārūn al-Rašīd and a temporary (796-808) relocation of the Abbasid residence, which was only later named R. and further expanded. It was destroyed by Saladdin in 1182, and then came under Ayyubid rule. Arch…

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Hausleiter, Arnulf (Berlin), “Raqqa”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1018850>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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