Brill’s New Pauly

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(515 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Near East

In the Ancient Near Eastern oikos or palace economy, the majority or (large) parts of the population were integrated into the institutional households of temples and/or palaces as direct dependents (the extent varied according to region and period). They were provided with the rations of natural produce (grain, oil, wool) guaranteeing them the level of subsistence necessary for their reproduction.

In Mesopotamia, these rations of produce were in part supplemented, and in…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin) and Schneider, Helmuth (Kassel), “Rations”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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