Brill’s New Pauly

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(900 words)

(τιμωρία/timōría, τίσις/tísis; Latin ultio, vindicta , poena).

[German version]

A. Social conditions

Revenge, a regular central element of relationships in human social structure, is encountered in Graeco-Roman history in specific forms which are very similar in the two cultures. Revenge belongs in the general framework of an ethic of reciprocation, which shapes, both positively and negatively, mutual exchange between individuals and groups (exchange of gifts; Euergetism). Under these prem…

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Gehrke, Hans-Joachim (Freiburg), “Revenge”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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