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Rhomaioi
(443 words)

[German version]

(Ῥωμαῖοι). Rhōmaîos is the original Greek name for 'Romans', found in this sense especially in Greek historiographers (e. g. Polybius [2] or Dionysius [18] of Halicarnassus). As the imperial capital moved to Byzantium (Constantinople), however, Rhōmaîos came to be increasingly used for the Greek-speaking Byzantines; an initially still existing differentiation between οἱ ἐῷοι Ῥωμαῖοι/hoi eṓioi Rhōmaîoi ('the eastern R.') and οἱ ἑσπέριοι Ῥωμαῖοι/hoi hespérioi Rhōmaîoi ('the western R.') finally became obsolete with the decline of the western empire …

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Binder, Vera (Gießen), “Rhomaioi”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1022900>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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