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S.
(125 words)

[German version]

Abbreviation of the Roman forenames Sextus and Spurius (also Sp.). S stands also for senatus in the formula SPQR, as S.S. for the Senate's resolution (S[enatus] S[ententia]) and as S.C. on coins that were minted on behalf of the Senate ([ex] S[enatus] C[onsulto]; s enatus consultum ). Very often to be found on inscriptions instead of the possessive pronouns of the 3rd person suus, sua, suum (in all the oblique cases), such as S(ua)P(ecunia)P(osuit) ('built with one's own money'). On coins, frequently used within imperial propaganda for s alus ('health'), s ecuritas ('sa…

Cite this page
Eder, Walter (Berlin), “S.”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1026210>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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