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Sabbath
(537 words)

[German version]

(Hebrew šabbat; Greek σάββατον/sábbaton; Lat. sabbata). Seventh day of the Jewish week and day of rest observed weekly; its origin is unclear (cf. suggestions of a connection with the Akkadian šapattu, the day of the full moon). It is likely that it developed in ancient Israel as an expression of Yahweh's prerogative, based on the commandment to let the land lie unplowed during the seventh year (Ex 23:10 f.). The Sabbath was explained in two ways in the Biblical tradition. In the version contained in the Deute…

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Ego, Beate (Osnabrück), “Sabbath”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1026290>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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