In contrast to ius iurandum, which in Latin generally refers to the oath itself and the act of swearing an oath, the sacramentum ('oath') has to do with the obligations an individual assumes vis-à-vis the god who is invoked (usually Iuppiter (I. B) in his function as Dius Fidius or 'all gods'). The sacramentum threatens that one may become sacer, in thrall to a god and consequently outlawed, by taking an oath affirming a false statement or fail…
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Eder, Walter (Berlin) and
Mali, Franz (Fribourg),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1026850>