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Sacramentum
(1,721 words)

[German version]

I. General remarks

In contrast to ius iurandum , which in Latin generally refers to the oath itself and the act of swearing an oath, the sacramentum ('oath') has to do with the obligations an individual assumes vis-à-vis the god who is invoked (usually Iuppiter (I. B) in his function as Dius Fidius or 'all gods'). The sacramentum threatens that one may become sacer , in thrall to a god and consequently outlawed, by taking an oath affirming a false statement or fail…

Cite this page
Eder, Walter (Berlin) and Mali, Franz (Fribourg), “Sacramentum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1026850>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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