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Sammael
(188 words)

[German version]

(Hebrew Sammāel). Negative angel figure in Jewish tradition, often identified with Satan. S. is mentioned for the first time in Ethiopic Henoch 6, where he is one of a group of angels that rebels against God (cf. the name Σαμμανή/Sammanḗ or Σαμιήλ/Samiḗl in the Greek version). According to Greek Baruch 4,9, he planted the vine that led to the fall of Adam; S. was therefore cursed and became Satan. In the 'Ascension of Isaiah', S. is identified with the figure of Beliar (4,11). Rabbinical literature represents S. in the shape of a serpent as the tempter of Eve (cf…

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Ego, Beate (Osnabrück), “Sammael”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1100300>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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