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Sapor
(558 words)

(Persian Šāpūr, Greek Σαπώρης/Sapṓrēs).

[German version]

[1] I

Son of Ardashir [1] and Great King of Persia AD 240/242-272, of the dynasty of the Sassanids. The main source for his reign is the trilingual inscription (Middle Persian, Parthian, Greek) discovered in 1936-1939 on the Kaba-ye Zardošt in Naqš-e Rostam (near Persepolis), the so-called Res Gestae Divi Saporis (= RGDS; [1. 284-371]; Trilingual inscriptions). S. defeated Gordianus [3] III in 244 at Misichē (Pirisabora) in Assyria; Gordianus died under suspicious ci…

Cite this page
Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld), “Sapor”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1101000>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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