(σάπφειρος/sáppheiros, Latin sapp(h)irus). A precious stone, identical not with our modern sapphire, but with the speckled lapis lazuli (Theophr. 8; 23 and 37 Eichholz; Plin. HN 33,68 and 161; 37,119 f.), which was introduced from Egypt by the Greeks. It was not until the 3rd cent. AD onwards that it was used by the Romans for jewellery or amulets.
1 D. E. Eichholz (ed.), Theophrastus De lapidibus, 1965.
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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1100960>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510