A dark-brown raw material of organic sapropel carbon with a dull shine, similar to jet or lignite, occurring in Bohemia and Moravia; it was worked, primarily by the Celts (6th-1st cents. BC), for jewel rings. Unworked and half-worked pieces in workshop finds, e.g. on the Heuneburg (6th cent.) and in the oppidum of Manching (2nd/1st cents. BC) show that jewellery was produced by cutting and carving and by turning on a lathe.
Crafts, trade; Celtic archaeology; Jewellery
O. Rochna, Zur Herkunft der Manchinger Sapropelit-Ring…
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Pingel, Volker (Bochum),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 28 February 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1101110>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510