Search Results: Prev | 1 of 521 |

Satrap
(933 words)

[German version]

(Old Persian ḫšaçapāvan-, 'protector of the kingdom/dynasty', Elamic šá-ak-šá-ba-ma, Akkadian aḫšadrapanu, Imperial Aramaic ḥšatrapan, Greek usually σατράπης/satrápēs [9]; Latin satrapa, -es, satraps). Title of a Persian-Achaemenid (seminal: [3]), later also Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanid provincial governor (Parthian ḥštrp /ḫšahrap/; Middle Persian štrp /šahrap/). The title appears first in the Bīsutūn inscription of Darius [1] I [11. DB III 14.56], where it denotes two appointees of the new king in Bactria and Arachosia. In textua…

Cite this page
Wiesehöfer, Josef (Kiel), “Satrap”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1102230>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲