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Science
(3,548 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

The framework for the emergence of science, i.e. of a socially organized, systematic search for discoveries and their transmission, existed in Mesopotamia from the early 3rd millennium BC. It included social differentiation and the development of a script (Cuneiform script) which was soon applied outside administrative and economic contexts. The potential of numeracy and literacy, sustained by the professional group of scribes, was developed beyond concrete, pract…

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Cancik-Kirschbaum, Eva (Berlin), Quack, Joachim (Berlin) and R.NE., “Science”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12211460>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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