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Shield
(605 words)

[German version]

I. Greece

Shields were primarily used to protect soldiers in battle; as a crater from Mycenae (c. 1200 BC) vividly shows, shields were already part of the equipment of warriors in the Mycenaean period. Homer mentions a round shield (ἀσπίς/aspís) which was embossed with sheet bronze and strengthened with the skins of oxen (Cattle) (Hom. Il. 12,294-297; 13,156-166). In the middle there was a shield boss (ὀμφαλός/omphalós; Hom. Il. 13,192). A strap (τελαμών/telamṓn; Hom. Od. 11,609-614) enabled the shield to be carrie…

Cite this page
Le Bohec, Yann (Lyon), “Shield”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 March 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1103670>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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