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Shiites
(118 words)

[German version]

(< Shia/Šı̄a, literally 'party', elliptical for 'Party of Ali'). Term for the supporters of Ali in the struggle for the caliphate (Caliph). According to the number of imams (Imam) they recognise, Fiver (e.g. Zaidites in Yemen), Sevener (e.g. Ismailites in Pakistan and central Asia; Fatimids 909-1171 in northern Africa and Egypt, Fatima) and Twelver Shiites (group with the largest number of adherents, today in e.g. Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon) are distinguished. Martyrdom, i.e. dying for the expansion and defence of Islam and direct entry to paradise, plays a…

Cite this page
Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale), “Shiites”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1103660>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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