Brill’s New Pauly

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(292 words)

[German version]

Semicircular dining sofa, named after the later form of the Greek letter , which in the Roman world gradually took the place of the triclinium and took over entirely in the 4th and 5th cents. AD. Exactly when the s. established itself among the Romans cannot be determined. The first archaeologically attested sígmata, which are identifiable from floor mosaics, can be dated to no earlier than the end of the 2nd cent. or the beginning of the 3rd cent. Already before that, however, this semicircular arrangement had been used for meals in the open air, under the term stibadium (στ…

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Schmitt-Pantel, Pauline (Paris), “Sigma”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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