(σιλεντιάριοι; silentiárioi). Guards at the Imperial Roman courts instituted by Constantine (Constantinus  I) that were named after the ceremonial silence surrounding the emperor. They were subordinate to the imperial chamberlain (praepositus sacri cubiculi). From AD 437, 30 silentiarii are documented under three decuriones at the court of Constantinople. Their rank within the court hierarchy continued to rise until the 6th cent. after which their importance decreased. The last of the silentiarii are mentioned in sources from as late as the 12th cent.
Cite this pageTinnefeld, Franz (Munich), “Silentiarii”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1112880>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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