Silver (ἀργύριον/argýrion, ἄργυρος/árgyros; Latin argentum) is a precious metal, which in Antiquity was extracted primarily by smelting silver-bearing ores of lead. Four different kinds occur naturally: 1. as pure silver; 2. as silver ore; 3. as a component of galena, the only economically interesting ore of lead; 4. in alloy with gold, i.e. as electrum (Elektron), in which the gold content can amount to less than 30 %. Pure silver is rare and …
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Riederer, Josef (Berlin),
Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg),
Pingel, Volker (Bochum) and
Neudecker, Richard (Rome),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1112670>