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Simia
(122 words)

[German version]

(Greek forms i.a. Σημεία/Sēmeía, Σημέα/Sēméa, Σίμα/Síma, Aramaic smy), in the past often interpreted as a Syrian goddess, is the deified divine standard of ancient Oriental origin, usually with a crescent moon at the top, often assimilated to Roman signa. The etymology could be Aramaic [1] but the word was linked to Greek σημεῖον/sēmeîon (sign, standard) early on. Lucianus (De Syria Dea 33) describes the Sēmḗion of Hierapolis [2]/Bambyce, where it is placed, as in Dura-Europus, between Atargatis (Syria Dea) and Hadad (relief, coins). S. is identified (i.a.) with …

Cite this page
Kessler, Karlheinz (Emskirchen), “Simia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1113410>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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