Brill’s New Pauly

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I. Ancient Near East

Mesopotamian cuneiform texts attest to slavery in the ancient Near East from the early 3rd millennium BC [1]. However, at no time were slaves the essential producers in the structure of the total economy [2]. From the 3rd-1st millennia BC, slaves were primarily deployed in private households, and to a lesser extent in institutional households (Palace, Temple). The main sources thus mostly come from the field of private law and gover…

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Neumann, Hans (Berlin), Müller-Wollermann, Renate, Gehrke, Hans-Joachim (Freiburg), Heinrichs, Johannes (Bonn), Prinzing, Günther and Kuchenbuch, Ludolf (Hagen), “Slavery”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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