Brill’s New Pauly

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(534 words)

[German version]

Society (κοινοπραξία/koinopraxía) based on a contract, known to Roman law from the late Republic. In its origins, it was probably influenced by archaic forms of a community based on kinship, esp. the consortium ercto non cito ('partnership by undivided inheritance') of brothers who did not wish to divide their father's estate (Gai. Inst. 3,154, v. also communio ). However, this influence was no longer of import to the legal development of the societas after the 2nd cent. BC.

The societas was created by the conclusion of a contract of consent ( consensus ) between two, so…

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Andreau, Jean (Paris), “Societas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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