Brill’s New Pauly

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Sol
(1,794 words)

(the Roman sun god, Greek Ἥλιος/Hḗlios).

I. Graeco-Roman

[German version]

A. General summary

Although S. is one of the few undisputed Indo-European deities of the pantheon (cf. Gallic sulis, Gothic sauil, Old High German sôl, Greek *σαέλιος/*sawélios = ἥλιος/hḗlios; [1]), the public cult of the sun played only a subordinate role in Rome and the Greek world, until the time that political developments led to an affinity between S. and the concept of monarchy (ruler cult).

Cite this page
Gordon, Richard L. (Ilmmünster) and Wallraff, Martin (Bonn), “Sol”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1116380>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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