Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,794 words)

(the Roman sun god, Greek Ἥλιος/Hḗlios).

I. Graeco-Roman

[German version]

A. General summary

Although S. is one of the few undisputed Indo-European deities of the pantheon (cf. Gallic sulis, Gothic sauil, Old High German sôl, Greek *σαέλιος/*sawélios = ἥλιος/hḗlios; [1]), the public cult of the sun played only a subordinate role in Rome and the Greek world, until the time that political developments led to an affinity between S. and the concept of monarchy (ruler cult).

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Gordon, Richard L. (Ilmmünster) and Wallraff, Martin (Bonn), “Sol”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 August 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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