Brill’s New Pauly

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Sothis
(168 words)

[German version]

(σωθίς/sōthis according to Heph. [5] 1,1). Constellation (Egyptian śpd.t, from śpd 'sharp'), essentially corresponding to Sirius (its main star). Identified with Isis, it appeared in a prominent role as early as the Pyramid texts (Funerary literature) [1]. It retained this role until the end of the Egyptian religion. S. is one of the 36 decan stars (Astronomy B.2.). Its first heliacal rising was thought to introduce a new  year and forebode the flooding of the Nile. Its 70-day phase of invisibility was associated with the equally long period of embalming…

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von Lieven, Alexandra (Berlin), “Sothis”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1118090>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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