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Soul, theory of the
(1,503 words)

[German version]

A. Concept of the soul

In order to understand the concept and the theory of the soul ('psychology': λόγος/lógos, 'theory', from ψυχή/psychḗ, 'soul') in Graeco-Roman Antiquity, it is important to distinguish between two ways of perceiving the soul: the soul as an essential component of a human being, as the subject of thinking and feeling, which controls one's behaviour, and the soul as the general quality that in…

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Frede, Michael (Oxford), “Soul, theory of the”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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