(Σπαθάριος/Spathários, ‘sword-bearer’). From the 5th to the 12th cent. AD a member of a body of chamberlains (eunuchs) at the Roman-Byzantine Imperial Court, from about the 8th cent. subordinate to a prōtospathários im Senatorenrang of senatorial rank. From the 10th cent. there is also evidence of non-eunuchs as prōtospathárioi.
A. Kazhdan, s. v. Proto-S., ODB 3, 1748; s. v. S., 1935 f.
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Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1118750>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510