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Sphacteria
(120 words)

[German version]

(Σφακτηρία; Sphaktēría). Narrow rocky island of the Bay of Pylus [2] on the west coast of Messenia (Str. 8,3,21; Plin. HN 4,55; Ptol. 3,16,23: Σφαγία), in Spartan hands from the 7th cent. BC, modern Sphaktiría. In 425 BC, 292 Spartiatai were surrounded by the Athenians on S. and forced to capitulate (Thuc. 4,8; 16; 26-38; Str. 8,4,2; Peloponnesian War). It was in the Bay of Pylus that a Turkish fleet was destroyed by the Allies in 1827 in the course of the Greek War of Independence (cf. monuments on S. and in the bay).

Bibliography

J. Wilson, Pylos 425 B. C.,…

Cite this page
Tausend, Sabine, “Sphacteria”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1119060>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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