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(481 words)

(σφραγίς/sphragís, literally  Seal).

[German version]

[1] Seal (stone)

Seal (stone): precious or decorative stone with intaglio engraving, signet ring, seal (impression). On 2nd-4th cent. AD magical amulet gems from Roman Egypt there is often mention of the demon-averting seal of Solomon and, connected with Solomon motifs, the Seal of God (sphragìs theoû).



S. Michel, Die magischen Gemmen im Britischen Museum, 2001, …

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Michel, Simone (Hamburg), Gärtner, Hans Armin (Heidelberg) and Fitschen, Klaus (Kiel), “Sphragis”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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