Brill’s New Pauly

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Spruce
(159 words)

[German version]

This name (πεύκη/ peúkē, picea, derived from pix = pitch) encompasses three genera of conifer, namely (a) the Common or Norway Spruce Picea abies [L.] Karst. = excelsa Link, which is found hardly anywhere in the Mediterranean, (b) the Fir (abies, ἐλάτη, in some species on Mediterranean uplands) and (c) the Pine (pinus, πίτυς/pítys, πεύκη/peúkē). Spruce and fir wood, felled on a large scale in the southern Alps and mountains of the Balkans, was used from Antiquity  for wood for building - including ships and masts [1. 38] - and for fi…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Spruce”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e411340>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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