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Square measures
(917 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Near East

Various concepts of square measures (SM) are found (even simultaneously) in Mesopotamia. The oldest, attested from the late 4th millennium BC, was based on the length measurements of squares or rectangles, and was thus suited to the needs of surveying fields: 1 rod × 1 rod (with 1 rod = 6 m) = 1 rod square ('bed') (36 m2). The fundamental unit for fields was 1 'field' or 'dyke' (0.36 ha).

In the 1st millennium, the Babylonian system (for smaller areas) was based on…

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Sallaberger, Walther (Leipzig), Felber, Heinz (Leipzig) and Chantraine, Heinrich (Mannheim), “Square measures”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e412020>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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