Brill’s New Pauly

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Steel
(153 words)

[German version]

Modern term for alloys of iron with a carbon content of up to two per cent. In the blast-furnace process, however, the iron extracted has a much higher carbon content, which has to be reduced by means of a technical procedure (refining). In Antiquity there was an entirely different technical problem: Crude iron, the product of the smelting process, had only an extremely limited carbon content and was therefore relatively soft. The iron was therefore tempered by further forging in charc…

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Schneider, Helmuth (Kassel), “Steel”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1120880>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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