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Steelyard
(1,125 words)

[German version]

(Latin statera, campana; καμπανός/kampanós, καμπανόν/kampanón). Steelyard refers to the form of straight-beam balance with arms of varying length, which has been demonstrated in Italy beginning in the late 1st cent. BC, and was later widespread in the Roman Empire. The early form of the typical Roman steelyard and its mechanical principle was described by Vitruvius, who provides the then common term statera ('scale'; Vitr. De arch. 10,3,4), while much later, around AD 600, Isidorus calls it campana (Isid. Orig. 16,25,6). Correspondingly, in the late ant…

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Weiß, Peter (Kiel), “Steelyard”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1104120>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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