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Subsistence farming
(718 words)

[German version]

The term SF or subsistence economy (= SE) is used to describe an economy which is oriented to self sufficiency and whose basis is agriculture. SF was of fundamental significance precisely for the farming economy of Antiquity; it is described primarily in Hesiod and Virgil  (Hes. Erg. 383-608; Verg. G. 1,43-350; 2,458-540; cf. also the Moretum). A peasant family produced for itself the food, clothing and implements necessary for living, and was dependent only to a limited extent on trade at local markets (which were not characterized b…

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Alonso-Núñez, José Miguel (Madrid), “Subsistence farming”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 August 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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