Brill’s New Pauly

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(325 words)

[German version]

In Roman law the appointment of a substitute heir (substitutus), so as to avoid the danger that a will might become ineffective through the potential absence of the heir appointed by it (as a consequence of prior death or refusal; Succession, laws of III. D.). Instances of the modern-day persistence of substitutio vulgaris ('common substitution') are 'gemeine Substitutio' (§ 604 Austrian ABGB) and 'Ersatzerbeinsetzung' (§ 2096 German BGB).

In the case of dependent minors of either sex, a Roman testator could prepare a second will settling the su…

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Manthe, Ulrich (Passau), “Substitutio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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