Brill’s New Pauly

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(955 words)

(ἥλιος/hḗlios; Latin sol).

[German version]

I. General points

In Antiquity, the Sun was usually included among the planets. In the order of the planets, seen from the Earth, Venus and Mercury were placed above the Sun by some authors (for example by Plato [1] and Eudoxus [1] of Cnidus; see fig. 1), and below it by others. The latter series - Earth, Moon, Mercury, Venus (or also: Venus, Mercury, e.g. by Ptolemaeus [65]), Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Sat…

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Jori, Alberto (Tübingen), “Sun”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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