In Mesopotamia, the Sumerian sun god Utu (written with the Sumerian sign for day, ud, which may be an etymological connection) was regarded as the city god of South Babylonian Larsa [2. 287-291] and the Akkadian god Šamaš (also common Semitic for 'sun') as the city god of North Babylonian Sippar. The sun god was never at the top of the Mesopotamian pantheon  which was dominated by Enlil (3rd/early 2nd millennium), Marduk (1st millennium) and Assur . As the god of…
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Renger, Johannes (Berlin),
von Lieven, Alexandra (Berlin) and
“Sun god”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 16 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1116880>