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Sun god
(930 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

In Mesopotamia, the Sumerian sun god Utu (written with the Sumerian sign for day, ud, which may be an etymological connection) was regarded as the city god of South Babylonian Larsa [2. 287-291] and the Akkadian god Šamaš (also common Semitic for 'sun') as the city god of North Babylonian Sippar. The sun god was never at the top of the Mesopotamian pantheon [1] which was dominated by Enlil (3rd/early 2nd millennium), Marduk (1st millennium) and Assur [2]. As the…

Cite this page
Renger, Johannes (Berlin), von Lieven, Alexandra (Berlin) and Taracha, Piotr, “Sun god”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1116880>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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