Brill’s New Pauly

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Surety
(967 words)

[German version]

A. Ancient Near East

There is evidence of personal (corporal) liability through surety (especially standing surety for another, rarely for oneself) as a means of guaranteeing a contract in Mesopotamian cuneiform texts from the mid-3rd millennium BC [2. 253] into the Hellenistic period [3. 64-69], using different terminologies and in different forms. The Gestellungsbürgschaft ('surety of appearance') was common (promise of the guarantor to deliver the debtor to the creditor for…

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Neumann, Hans (Berlin), Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen) and Meissel, Franz-Stefan (Vienna), “Surety”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e221160>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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