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(179 words)

[German version]

(Sanskrit, from Old Indic swasti, 'well-being'), crux gammata, 'gammadion'. Graphical symbol belonging to the language of ornamentation, occurring in Eurasia, northern Africa and central America. The earliest representations appear in Mesopotamia on pottery of the 4th millennium BC; there is later evidence in the Linear Pottery of the Danube area, in idols from Troy II and from Minoan Crete. In Attic-Geometric ornaments the - clockwise or anti-clockwise - swastika is part of the decorative syntax and is associated there with the meander [2]. Like this, it is pr…

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Willers, Dietrich (Berne), “Swastika”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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