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Sword
(862 words)

[German version]

I. Classical Antiquity

The sword used in Rome's early period is referred to as ensis or gladius in the transmission (Verg. Aen. 7,743; 9,431; 12,458; Liv. 1,43,2). According to Livy, the soldiers of the first three classes ('divisions') in the Servian order of centuriae were equipped with swords (Liv. 1,43,2). The Gallic sword was longer and had no pointed tip, the Hispanic sword was short, had a tip and was more suitable for thrusting than for slashing (Liv. 22,46,5). In the period of the 2nd Punic …

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Le Bohec, Yann (Lyon) and Pingel, Volker (Bochum), “Sword”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1105560>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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