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(1,187 words)

(συναγωγή/s ynagōgḗ, literally 'bringing together', 'assembly'; Latin synagoga). A Greek word that can refer either to the Jewish congregation or to the place (the building) where the congregation comes together.

I. Architecture

[German version]

A. Definition and function

The synagogue building consists of a large rectangular room with benches on some or all of its sides, in front of which columns are built. There is often a throne for the leader of the synagogue and a platform (bêma) from which the Torah is read. A central ele…

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Nielsen, Inge (Hamburg) and Hollender, Elisabeth (Cologne), “Synagogue”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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