Brill’s New Pauly

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(318 words)

[German version]

(Σύφαξ/Sýphax, Σόφαξ/Sóphax). King of the Masaesylians in western Numidia (Liv. 28,17f.; 24,48,2; Sil. Pun. 16,170-17,631; Plin. HN 5,1,19; Str. 17,3,9; App. Lib. 36-121). Initially an opponent of Carthage (Liv. 24,48f.; 27,4,5), he was won over by the Scipiones (Cornelius [I 68] and [I 77]) as an ally in the Second Punic War in 213 BC and his army was trained in the Roman manner (Liv. 30,11,4; 30,28,3f.). The eastern Numidians under Gala and Massinissa conquered parts of his territory, but in 210 his attempt to conclude a treaty of friendship with Ro…

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Meißner, Burkhard (Halle/Saale), “Syphax”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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