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Syria Dea
(457 words)

[German version]

(Lat. Dea Syria, CIL VI 116; Greek Συρία θεός/Syría theós or θεά/theá, CIG 7041), the Syrian Goddess, also referred to as Atargatis or Derketo, was worshipped with the West Semitic weather god Hadad. First records about SD or Atargatis originate from the late 4th cent. BC [3. 3; 5. 355-358]. The most important literary source regarding her cult is the treatise De dea Syria by the writer Lucianus [1] of Samosata (2nd cent. AD; [2. 7-27]). Her main sanctuary was located in the North Syrian Hierapolis/ Bambyce (Manbiǧ). Shortly after 300 BC, the old temple was rebu…

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Schütte-Maischatz, A., “Syria Dea”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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