Brill’s New Pauly

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(389 words)

[German version]

(ὁ Τάρταρος/ ho Tártaros, τὰ Τάρταρα/tà Tártara; Lat. Tartarus). According to Homer and Hesiodus, the T. is the gloomy and fusty prison of the Titans into which they were locked after their defeat against Zeus (Hes. Theog. 729 f.). The T. lies as deeply below Hades as heaven is distant from earth (Hom. Il. 8,16; cf. Hes. Theog. 720). It is surrounded by a bronze wall with iron gates (Hom. Il. 8,15; Hes. Theog. 726; in Verg. Aen. 6,549-551 a triple wall with the waters of the Phlegeton [2] flowing around it). From above, the roots of the earth and the sea reach down …

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Schlapbach, Karin (Zürich), “Tartaros”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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