Brill’s New Pauly

Get access
Search Results: | 11 of 89 |

Temperament
(493 words)

[German version]

(κράσις/krásis, Latin mixtio, 'mixture'; complexio, temperatio, temperamentum). Medical term (in physiology, pathology and pharmacology). Continuing the theories of the first Greek philosophers concerning nature (Natural philosophy), especially on the four elements (Elements, theories of) together with their qualities, krásis describes the 'mixture' of materials and thus of specific characteristics which are individually constitutive for the psychology of every subject (e.g. Emp. 31 B 6,96 DK). In the ancient humoral system (Humoral theory), this the…

Cite this page
Touwaide, Alain (Madrid), “Temperament”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1203630>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲