Brill’s New Pauly

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Temple
(5,554 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

The Sumerian term é and the Akkadian term bītu, meaning 'temple' or 'house (of the deity)', were not restricted to 'dwellings' of deities of a particular size or importance. They applied to sanctuaries from small neighbourhood shrines in residential areas to large, freestanding, tall buildings, from one-room cult sites to temple complexes with extensive auxiliary buildings, and they could be used for temples where one or many deities were worshipped.

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Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin), Seidlmayer, Stephan Johannes (Berlin), Hollender, Elisabeth (Cologne), Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg), Höcker, Christoph (Kissing), Prayon, Friedhelm (Tübingen) and Nielsen, Inge (Hamburg), “Temple”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1203370>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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